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Flexible - Sigmoidoscopy Patient Information Leaflet

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Flexible Sigmoidoscopy Essential information for patients

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Flexible Sigmoidoscopy It is an examination which allows the doctor to look directly at the lining of the lower part rectum and sigmoid colon of the large bowel It is performed using a thin flexible tube colonoscope with a camera and a light on the tip which is used to look at the area being examined The doctor guides the scope through the back passage anus and into the colon large bowel It allows us to 1 Take a sample of tissue biopsy from the lining of the bowel 2 Remove polyps that can grow on the bowel wall 3 Treat Haemorrhoids piles with banding or injection of oily phenol The procedure last 10 minutes It is usually not painful but can feel a little uncomfortable There are two options available to you 1 No sedation option This procedure can be carried out without sedation You will be fully aware of the procedure which most patients find acceptable and not too uncomfortable You will not have to fast and may go home once you have spoken with your doctor 2 Intravenous sedation option If you choose to have conscious sedation you will have a small tube called a cannula put into a vein usually in your hand or lower arm Conscious sedation will be administered through this cannula It will make you sleepy and relaxed It may make you fall asleep during the procedure but it is completely normal to be awake It has an amnesia effect therefore making you forget If you chose to have sedation you must arrange someone to escort you home and stay with you for 12 hours after the procedure He she should come with you for the appointment or be contactable by phone when you are ready to leave The nurse will need this person s contact details during admission process Patients who have sedation will be required to stay in the hospital a minimum of 4 hours If you do not have an escort or have not arranged for someone to collect you then your procedure will be cancelled 2 www beaconhospital ie

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Risks of a flexible sigmoidoscopy Drug Reaction The sedation used for the procedure is safe with only a very slight risk of reaction Bleeding If a polyp is found during the course of the procedure this will be removed which can result in some bleeding This bleeding can often be stopped straight away but may occasionally be more serious or may even occur a few days later Depending on the size the risk of bleeding is 1 in 200 polyps removed Many polyps are the type which can turn into cancer if left untreated for a long period of time and removing them when still benign eliminates the risk About the Consent Form Before a doctor or health care professional examines or treats you they will need to gain your consent This will be required in writing If you later change your mind you are entitled to withdraw consent even after signing the document Please read the flexible sigmoidoscopy patient information leaflet prior to signing your consent form Please read the consent form in full prior to your procedure You will meet the doctor on the day of your procedure to ask any questions or concerns you may have Perforation If you do not have polyps removed there is a less than 1 in 2000 chance of causing a perforation which is a little tear in the lining of the bowel If polyps are removed this may occur in 1 in 500 cases This may extend your hospital stay for a short time and you will need to be given antibiotics or it may require an operation to repair the tear Missed Pathology It is important to remember that no test is perfect and even with complete examination a significant disease may be missed in up to 20 of cases Tel 353 1 293 6600 3

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Before your flexible sigmoidoscopy Fasting If you opt for sedation you must not eat for 6 hours prior to your procedure You must not drink for 2 hours prior to your procedure If you are NOT having sedation there are no restrictions on eating and drinking To obtain a clear view the lower colon must be completely empty There are two ways to clear the bowel for this procedure Your Doctor will instruct you A Full Bowel prep drinking a laxative it is essential that you follow these exact instructions B Alternatively you may be prescribed an enema a liquid laxative administered via the back passage on the day of your procedure This will be administered by a nurse when you arrive to the unit Medicines You should continue to take your regular medications as normal on the day of your procedure Iron Tablets These will need to be stopped one week before the procedure as the iron makes your faeces look black in colour which can be mistaken for blood in the bowel during the examination If you are diabetic and you did not receive information from the hospital please contact the Endoscopy Unit on 01 650 4617 If you are taking any of these medications Aspirin Warfarin Clopidrogel Plavix Rivaroxaban Xaralto Dabigatran Pradaxa Apixaban Eliquis phone the Endoscopy Unit for advice on 01 650 4617 If you use a GTN spray for angina please bring this with you If you are asthmatic please bring your inhalers with you Please bring a list detailing your regular medications If you are in doubt please contact your GP or local pharmacy to provide the list Interpretation services If you require an interpretation service please ask an English speaking person to call us as soon as possible so that an interpreter can be arranged for you Special Requirements If you use a wheelchair or have any physical and or other disabilities please contact the unit to arrange any support that you may need to make your endoscopy journey as easy as possible for you 4 www beaconhospital ie

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On Arrival On arrival at the hospital go to the Endoscopy reception area on the second floor The receptionist will take some information regarding your name address date of birth and next of kin You will be admitted to the unit by a nurse who will ask information regarding your health history and medical conditions You will be given opportunity to ask any questions or concerns you may have at this stage You will be given a hospital gown and disposable shorts to wear for the procedure You will be asked to wear your dressing gown and slippers once changed into your gown A small tube called a cannula will be put into a vein This will happen even if you choose not to have sedation Once the admission assessment is completed by the nurse you will be brought to a waiting lounge area where the team from the procedure room will collect you from Please bring dressing gown and slippers with you You are advised not to bring any valuables or any large sums of the money into hospital with you During your flexible sigmoidoscopy When you are brought into the procedure room you will meet two registered nurses and the Consultant In the procedure room you will be made comfortable on the bed lying on your left side with your knees drawn up You will be able to see the endoscopy screen in front of you You will receive oxygen through your nose A monitor will be placed on your finger to measure your oxygen levels and your blood pressure will be taken every few minutes via a blood pressure cuff on your arm A nurse will look after you throughout the procedure they will monitor your pulse blood pressure and heart rate once sedation is given A nurse and doctor will ensure that you are feeling comfortable throughout the procedure You will be given sedation to make you feel relaxed and drowsy but not entirely asleep or unconscious this is not a general anaesthetic This will be administered before the procedure starts through the cannula in your arm hand and given a few minutes to start working before the procedure begins The endoscopist will gently pass the scope in through your back passage Air will be passed into the bowel via the scope this may cause you some discomfort but will pass quickly The procedure takes approximately 15 30 minutes however can take longer if biopsies need to be taken or polyps need to be removed Tel 353 1 293 6600 5

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After your flexiblesigmoidoscopy You will be brought to the Endoscopy recovery area and your bed Your heart rate and blood pressure will be monitored by a registered nurse Here you can have a rest for a while after your procedure Following your procedure you may experience some crampy pains and bloating This is due to trapped wind it will settle down soon after your procedure You are encouraged to pass the wind during and after your procedure for your comfort Once you are alert and the sedation has worn off you will be asked to get up and dressed from the bed You will be escorted by the nurse to a chair in the Endoscopy discharge lounge and handed over to the nurse in this area Here you will be given some food You will have a choice of brown or white toast hot or cold drinks We do cater for dietary needs so please let the nurse know when they are ordering your food Your escort should collect you from the Endoscopy Discharge area also located on the 2nd floor We always wait for your escort to arrive to the unit before giving you any discharge information as you tend to forget it due to the sedation Your cannula will be removed from you hand or arm once you have had something to eat passed urine and are not experiencing any side effects from the procedure or medications It is the decision of the consultant performing the test if he she will be seeing you immediately following the test or if an appointment will be made in the outpatient rooms The consultant s secretary will arrange this appointment for you if needed 6 www beaconhospital ie If you have received sedation You must not drive drink alcohol operate machinery or sign important documents for the next 24 hours Please note that following a sedated procedure you WILL NOT be permitted to leave the unit unaccompanied Results After your procedure when the sedation has worn off a doctor nurse will speak to you about the outcome of the procedure Any biopsies or polyps removed are sent to the laboratory for analysis to assist the doctor in diagnosis We will send a copy of the Endoscopy report to your GP and any lab results should follow within 2 3 weeks The consultant that performed your Colonoscopy may request to see you in their outpatient clinic after the procedure usually in a couple of weeks and will go through your results Any advice or recommended further tests will be given upon discharge

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Frequently Asked Questions If the symptoms have stopped before my endoscopy should I still come for the test Yes It is important that you still arrive for your test Your doctor has organised this test to ensure you have no bowel issues Although symptoms may have subsided it is important to proceed in order to ensure all is clear Does the procedure hurt Generally no Sedation is very effective for most people and many people who have sedation do not even remember the procedure You may feel cramps or pressure in the back passage during and after the procedure This is because air is passed through the scope into the bowel to allow the doctor see inside Every effort is made to minimise this and it usually settles quickly The removal of biopsies and polyps does not cause pain Can I drive after the procedure No you may not drive for 24 hours post sedation The sedation remains in your system for 24 hours Therefore it can cause you to feel drowsy at any time within this period You are not covered by your insurance in the unfortunate event that you are involved in an accident while driving under the influence We advise for you not to get public transport as you may feel a little dizzy after the sedation Escorted home via taxi or your NOK drives you is ideal Can I return to work after the procedure If you have not had sedation yes you can return to work If you were given sedation it will depend on the time of your appointment Morning appointments may be okay to return to work the following morning If you have an afternoon appointment it is dependent on how you feel and how much sedation was given on the day of your procedure What should I expect when I am sent home If sedated you must be accompanied home by a responsible adult The sedation used will make you forget things You may find your memory of the few hours immediately after your flexible sigmoidoscopy to be impaired You may experience some abdominal discomfort for 24 hours If you have had biopsies taken polys removed or any procedure on haemorrhoids you may experience slight bleeding from the back passage Should you experience any sudden onset of pain or sudden blood loss go to your closest Accident and Emergency Department You may resume normal daily activities the day following your sigmoidoscopy You will be given discharge information details on the day What are the key things to remember It s your decision It s up to you to choose whether or not to consent to what is being proposed Ask as many questions as you like and please express any concerns you may have about medication allergies or past medical history Do I have everything ready for my procedure List of Medication and Medical history Details of your health insurance if applicable Slippers and dressing gown I am fasting from food for six hours before my procedure time if I choose to have sedation I am fasting from drinks for 2 hours before my procedure I have arranged an escort to take me home if I choose to have sedation Tel 353 1 293 6600 7

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Location and Parking Information Beacon Hospital is located in Sandyford Dublin 18 and can be accessed by Luas Dublin Bus and car LUAS The Luas green line goes directly from St Stephen s Green to Sandyford Beacon Hospital Dublin is located in Sandyford 10 minutes walk from the Kilmacud Luas station On exiting the Luas at the Kilmacud station take the lift stairs and follow the pathway to the entrance of the station Turn left here and you will see Beacon Hospital located at the top of the road at the crossroads this is right beside the Beacon Hotel DUBLIN BUS Beacon Hospital is serviced by the following bus routes No 11 bus from Wadelai Park via O Connell Street Alight at stop no 4847 Blackthorn Drive Luas Car Park No 75 bus from Tallaght Dun Laoghaire Alight at stop no 449 Blackthorn Road Corrig Road 8 www beaconhospital ie CAR PARKING An underground public car park is available by turning right on entering the Beacon Court car park You may pay your ticket fee on exiting the hospital lobby

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DRIVING A If coming from the Leopardstown Racecourse direction C If coming from M50 travelling northbound 1 Take the Sandyford Industrial Estate exit 1 Take the Sandyford Industrial Estate exit 2 Pass Woodies on the left and keep going straight on 2 Pass Woodies on the left and keep going straight on 3 At the T junction at the end of this road turn left signposted Local Traffic 3 At the T junction at the end of this road turn left signposted Local Traffic 4 The Hospital is at the end of this road on your left on the corner You will see the entrance to the car park 4 The Hospital is at the end of this road on your left on the corner You will see the entrance to the car park here B If coming from M50 travelling southbound 1 Take the Sandyford Industrial Estate exit 2 Pass Woodies on the left and keep going straight on 3 At the T junction at the end of this road turn left signposted Local Traffic 4 The Hospital is at the end of this road on your left on the corner You will see the entrance to the car park here D If coming from Dundrum Village via Upper Kilmacud Road 1 Follow the Upper Kilmacud Road to the T junction after the Holywell estate estate is on your right 2 Take a right at this T junction 3 Keep straight until you see Beacon Hotel on your left 4 Take a left and then first right The entrance to the car park will now be on your right Tel 353 1 293 6600 9

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Notes Things to remember 10 www beaconhospital ie

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Tel 353 1 293 6600 11

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Beacon Hospital Sandyford Dublin 18 Tel 353 1 293 6600 Endoscopy Unit Opening Hours Monday Friday 7 00 19 30 hours Enquiry Lines open Monday to Friday Telephone 01 650 4617 for Clinical Enquires between 7 30 19 30 hours Telephone 01 293 8656 for Scheduling Enquires between 8 00 16 00 hours beaconhospital ie